Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, 2017-10-19

Institutt for Energieteknikk, Kjeller, Norway (IFE)


Institutt for Energiteknikk (http://www.ife.no) established in 1948 is Norway’s national centre for energy technology. Physics Department at IFE is also the national centre for materials research using neutron scattering techniques (picture: JEEP II reactor at Kjeller). IFE has nearly 60 years’ experience on studies of metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. Since 2002 the Physics Department has more than150 publications related to hydrogen storage materials, 3 patents. During the last years IFE is/was involved in number of projects funded by the Research Council of Norway, Nordic Energy Research and by the European Commission (partly finished): HYSTORY, STORHY, NESSHY, HYSIC, HYTRAIN, FLYHY, NANOHY, HYCONES, BOR5STORE, SSH2S, CONCERT-Japan project iTHEUS and 2 individual Marie-Curie fellowship projects. The Physics department was very active in the Task 22 of the IEA HIA and as an expert in the present Task 32. Main scientific activities are synthesis and characterisation of light weigh complex hydrides.

In ECOSTORE IFE will focus on materials preparation and characterization (WP1) and on improvement of kinetics and cycling stability (WP2), being also work package leader of WP2

Further information

People in the Physics Department at IFE (2012) People in the Physics Department at IFE (2012)


Key personnel

Prof. Bjørn C. Hauback

Expert in hydrogen storage materials, X-ray and neutron diffraction, crystallography. Principal Scientist New Materials at IFE, Adjunct Professor at University of Oslo and from 2011 Head of Physics Department at IFE. Coordinating energy storage activities at IFE. He has about 250 publications and contributed to >470 presentations at conferences. Prof. Hauback is involved in and also leading many national and international projects related to hydrogen storage materials. In the period 2006-2012 he was the Operating Agent for Task 22 (Solid Hydrogen Storage Materials) in IEA HIA, and in the new Task 32 he is a Norwegian Expert.

Dr. Stefano Deledda

Expert in the synthesis and characterization of metastable and nanocrystalline materials processed by non-equilibrium techniques. PhD in Chemistry from the Dresden Technical University (mechanically alloyed Zr-based metallic glasses and glassy composites); Young Researcher in the framework of a European Union Research Training Network on “H-Sorption in MgH2”. At IFE since 2005, his research activities include the synthesis of multicomponent Mg-based alloys and composites by ball milling performed both in inert (Ar) and reactive (H2 or D2) atmosphere, and the study of novel complex hydrides with large hydrogen storage capacity.

Dr. Magnus H. Sørby

Expert in structural characterization with powder X-ray and neutron diffraction. PhD at IFE in 2005 where he used Bragg and diffuse scattering to investigate long- and short range order in hydrides with classical crystallography and Reverse Monte Carlo modelling. Post doc at IFE 2005-2006 and permanent position since 2007. His research addresses synthesis, structure and thermal decomposition of complex hydrides.

Dr. Christoph Frommen

Extensive experience in the synthesis and characterization of inorganic functional materials. PhD in Inorganic Chemistry from Philipps-Universität Marburg (low-dimensional magnetism in transition metal fluorides). Post doc at IFE 2008-2011 and permanent position since September 2011. His research activities and interest are focused on the synthesis and properties of complex metal hydrides (borohydrides).

Experimental facilities

PUS diffractometer at the JEEP II reactor at IFE. [Download © IFE] PUS diffractometer at the JEEP II reactor at IFE. [Download © IFE]

Ball mills, cryomills, arc melter, neutron and X-ray diffraction, SANS, Sieverts appartus, DSC-TG and TDS coupled with mass spectroscopy, SEM.

Selected publications

  • M.D. Riktor, M.H. Sørby, M. Fichtner, K. Chłopek, F. Buchter, A. Züttel, B.C. Hauback: In situ synchrotron studies of phase transitions and thermal decomposition of Mg(BH4)2 and Ca(BH4)2. J. Mater. Chem. (2007) 17, 4939-4942.
  • C. Frommen, N. Aliouane, S. Deledda, J.E. Fonneløp, H. Grove, K. Lieutenant, I. Llamas-Jansa, S. Sartori, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: Crystal structure, polymorphism and thermal properties of yttrium borohydride Y(BH4)3. J. Alloys Comp. (2010) 496, 710-716.
  • M.D. Riktor, Y. Filinchuk, P. Vajeeston, E.G. Bardaji, M. Fichtner, H. Fjellvåg, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: The crystal structure of a novel boron hydride borate, Ca3(BD4)3(BO3). J. Mater. Chem. (2011) 21, 7188-7193.
  • J.E. Olsen, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: Chloride-substitution in sodium boron hydride. J. Alloys Comp. (2011) 509, L228-L231.
  • I. Llamas-Jansa, N. Aliouane, S. Deledda, J.E. Fonneløp, C. Frommen, T. Humphries, K. Lieutenant, S. Sartori, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: Chloride substitution induced by mechano-chemical reactions between NaBH4 and transition metal chlorides, J Alloys Comp. (2012) 530, 186-192.
  • C. Frommen, M.H. Sørby, P. Ravindran, H. Fjellvåg, B.C. Hauback: Synthesis, crystal structure and thermal properties of the first mixed-metal and anion-substituted rare earth borohydride LiCe(BH4)3Cl. J. Phys. Chem. C (2011) 115, 23591-23602.
  • S. Sartori, K.D. Knudsen, F. Sydow Hage, R.H. Heyn, E.G. Bardaji, Z. Zhao-Karger, M. Fichtner, B.C. Hauback: Influence of nano-confinement on morphology and dehydrogenation of the Li11BD4 – Mg(11BD4)2 system. Nanotechnology (2012) 23, 255704.
  • I. Llamas-Jansa, O. Friedrichs, M. Fichtner, A. Züttel, B.C. Hauback: The role of Ca(BH4)2 polymorphs. J. Phys. Chem. C (2012) 116, 13472-13479.
  • C. Frommen; N. Aliouane, S. Deledda, J.E. Fonneløp, H. Grove, K. Lieutenant, I. Llamas-Jansa, S. Sartori, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: Crystal structure, polymorphism, and thermal properties of yttrium borohydride Y(BH4)3. J. Alloys Comp. (2012) 496, 710-716.
  •  J. Graetz, B.C. Hauback: Recent developments in aluminum-based hydrides for hydrogen storage. MRS Bulletin (2013) 38, 473-479.
  • S. Hino, J.E. Fonneløp, M. Corno, O. Zavorotynska, A. Damin, B. Richtner, M. Baricco, T.N. Jensen, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback, B.C.: Halide substitution in magnesium borohydride. J. Phys. Chem. C (2012) 116, 12482-12488.
  •  J.E. Olsen, C. Frommen, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: Crystal structures of solvent-free LiYb(BH4)4-xClx, Yb(BH4)3 and Yb(BH4)2-xClx. RSC Advances (2013) 3, 10764-10774.
  • R.H. Heyn, I. Saldan, M.H. Sørby, C. Frommen, A.M. Bougza, H. Fjellvåg, B.C. Hauback: Structural and spectroscopic characterization of potassium fluoroborohydries. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2013) 15, 11226-11230.
  • J.E. Olsen; C. Frommen; T.R. Jensen; M.D. Riktor, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback: Structure and thermal properties of composites with RE-borohydrides (RE = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Er, Yb or Lu) and LiBH4. RSC Advances (2014) 4, 1570-1582.