Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, 2017-10-19
http://www.hzg.de/053517/index_0053517.html.en

Scientific Work

ECOSTORE recognizes the fact that hydrogen and battery technologies share a symbiotic relationship and are therefore mutually beneficial rather than competing technologies. Thus the ECOSTORE approach - to our knowledge for the first time in a European project - points toward joint and coordinated development of the two technologies. In order to train experts in metal hydride based materials for energy storage - chemical, as hydrogen, and electrochemical, in batteries – ECOSTORE integrates their training and research by bringing together world class groups in both fields into one joint project.

Borohydride- and nitride based materials exhibit very high hydrogen storage capacities up to 18 wt%1,2, and they – as recently found – also show excellent properties as novel solid room temperature ion conductors 3 or negative electrode materials with improved capacity4, thus allowing for very high energy storage densities. For commercial use a prerequisite is the cost efficient large scale production from abundant and relatively cheap raw materials combined with scale-up-ability, and to demonstrate the techno-economical readiness on the prototype scale. The objectives of ECOSTORE are therefore to obtain a fundamental understanding of metal hydride based energy storage materials, and to develop them towards industrial implementation, achieving high technical performance as well as cost effectiveness. Strong synergies in the fields of structural characterisation, theoretical modelling and processing of materials will form the basis for the joint development of novel metal hydrides for both, chemical and electrochemical energy storage.

 

The above mentioned targets will be tackled in a comprehensive range of research projects, pursued by 12 early stage researchers (ESR) and 3 experienced researchers (ER) in 10 work packages (WP). More details can be found in the descriptions of the projects and the involved students on the following pages.

 

References

  1. W. Grochala; P. P. Edwards, Chem. Rev. 104 (2004) 1283–1315
  2. A. Züttel, P. Wenger, S. Rentsch, P. Sudan, Ph. Mauron, Ch. Emmenegger, Journal of Power Sources 118 (2003) 1 - 7
  3. M. Matsuo, Y. Nakamori, S. Orimo, H. Maekawa, H. Takamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 (2007) 224103
  4. T. Shodai, S. Okada, S. Tobishimaand, I. Yamabi, Solid State Ionics 86–88 (1996), 785–789

1st Periodic Report Summary


WP 1 Recruitment, Training and Career Development Planning, Quality management of training
WP 2 Local training - training in individual research projects, secondments and visits
WP 3 Network-wide training - scientific workshops
WP 4 Network-wide Complementary Skills Training - Leading and managing science, science-public interactions
WP 5 Materials for Hydrogen Storage
ESR 1 - S. Payandeh GharibDoust "Novel bi- and tri-metal borohydrides for hydrogen storage"
ESR 2 - A. Santoru "Novel Li-N-metal hydride based materials for hydrogen storage"
ESR 3 - F. Peru "Nanoconfined borohydrides with optimised scaffolds and pore sizes for hydrogen storage"
WP 6 Materials for electrochemical energy storage
ESR 4 - M. Brighi "Novel bi- and tri-metal borohydrides for solid state ion conductors for electrochemical energy storage"
ESR 5 - N. Berti "Novel Li-N-Transition metal hydride based materials for electrodes for electrochemical energy storage"
ESR 6 - P. Huen "Nanoconfined borohydrides with optimised scaffolds and pore sizes for electrochemical energy storage"
WP 7 Understanding of Dynamics of Reactions in Energy Storage Materials
ESR 7 - E. Hadjixenophontos "Theoretical and experimental investigation of diffusion processes in materials for hydrogen and electrochemical energy storage"
ESR 8 - Y. Liu "Microstructural investigation and dynamic properties of novel hydrogen and electrochemical energy storage materials"
ESR 9 - M. Heere "Fundamental investigation of reaction pathways for hydrogen sorption in selected borohydrides for hydrogen storage"
ESR 10 - A. Wolczyk "Theoretical and experimental investigations of ion conductivity of novel hydrogen and electrochemical energy storage materials"
WP 8 Scale-up and transfer to industrial application, techno-economical evaluation
ESR 11 - T. T. Le "Fundamental study of effects of impurities in cost effective materials for hydrogen energy storage"
ESR 12 - A. H. Dao "Application oriented development of electrode materials for optimization of capacity in full cell configuration"
ER 1 - A. Biancoli "Investigation and techno-economical evaluation of selected cost effective raw materials for hydrogen and electrochemical energy storage"
ER 2 - A. Talaat "Industrial materials processing, hydrogen storage system design, construction and testing"
ER 3 - P. López-Aranguren "Electrode composition and process definition for evaluation of novel ion conductor – material composites for electrochemical energy storage"
WP 9 Project Management
WP 10 Dissemination and Outreach Activities